Indica or Sativa, what about Ruderalis?

Sep 22, 2017

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DNA Genetics

DNA Genetics


Cannabis Sativa, is a tall plant, generally between 8 and 12 feet. The leaves have long thin fingers and are light green colour. The more equatorial varieties have more yellow pigments to protect the plant from intense light. Sativas generally have a longer flowering period than Indica plants.

Sativa buds are long and thin and turn red as they mature in a warmer environment. In cooler environments the buds may be slightly purple. Sativa plants smell sweet and fruity and the smoke is generally quite mild.

It is a source of fiber for rope and other products and it contains THC which gives smokers the psychic effects they seek. The leaves of this plant can be smoked but the most highly prized part of the plant is the tops (buds) Sativa plants give an almost euphoric and soaring high!


Cannabis Indica is plentiful in the Mideast, India, and Central Asia especially Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Pakistan. It is a short plant generally between 3 and 6 feet, and its leaves have short broad fingers. The leaves are generally dark green sometimes tinged with purple hues. As they near maturity, the leaves may become significantly purple in tone. Indica’s are a strong smelling plant with a "stinky" or "skunky" aroma. The smoke of indica’s is generally thick and more prone to cause coughing when inhaled. Indica’s are the traditional source of hashish and come shorter in flowering time of about 7-8 weeks of 12/12.


Cannabis Ruderalis is a debated third variety of cannabis found in Russia, Poland, and other eastern European countries. Schultes classified cannabis as having three species: sativa, Indica, and ruderalis based on the formation of the seedpods. There is some debate as to whether there is justification for this third category. Some features of ruderalis are large seeds, short weedy plants (4-6 feet tall) and a lower level of THC than Sativa’s or Indica’s.

Hybridization (Cross Breeding)

There are hundreds if not thousands of hybrid crosses, basically meaning breeding programs throughout the world especially Europe have merged genes from Indica plants with Sativa’s to allow a merge of the two.

Crossing the genes of the two different types of cannabis has resulted in longer flowering times of some Sativa’s plants and time has been reduced drastically without much loss of the sativa dominant taste and yield. There is a medley of tastes depending on which two parent plants were crossed and the percentage of each individual parent plants generated, these factors all affect the taste and growing characteristics of the final plant. Breeding stable varieties that are uniform in gene spread with each batch of seed is a daunting task, which is why we have spent many years developing and evolving our methods when it comes to selecting and breeding programs at DNA Genetics.


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